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2 — Legal values

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There are seven legal values: obligatory, recommended, permitted, forbidden, disapproved, valid, and invalid. Obligatory means what one is rewarded for doing and punished for omitting. Recommended means what one is rewarded for doing but not punished for omitting. Permissible means what one is neither rewarded for doing nor punished for omitting. Forbidden means what one is rewarded for omitting and punished for doing. Disapproved means what one is rewarded for omitting but not punished for doing. Valid means effective and relied upon. Invalid means neither effective nor relied upon.

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Key terms

  • legal value: ḥukm
  • obligatory: wājib
  • recommended: mandūb
  • permitted: mubāḥ
  • forbidden: maḥẓūr
  • disapproved: makrūh
  • valid: ṣaḥīḥ
  • invalid: bāṭil
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Source: http://waraqat.vishanoff.com/e/e2/